Bedbugs consist of two main species the common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) and the tropical bed bug (Cimex hemipterus), which are found worldwide. In Malaysia, the most commonly encountered species is the tropical bed bug (Cimex hemipterus). Here are some facts about bedbugs:

  • Adult bedbugs are brown to reddish-brown in color and measure approximately 4-5 millimeters in length.
  • They have an oval and flat shape, lacking wings.
  • Bedbugs are adept at hiding in small spaces such as mattress seams, sofa crevices, and curtain folds.

  • Bites and Reactions:
  • Bedbug bites typically result in itchy swellings on the skin.
  • While they are not known to transmit diseases, some individuals may experience allergic reactions or severe skin responses.

  • Prevention Tips:
    a) Inspect Secondhand Furniture: Before bringing home secondhand furniture, check for signs of bedbugs. They can survive for over a year without feeding.
    b) Protect Your Mattress: Use a protective cover on your mattress and box spring. Consider one treated with insecticide or a plain, light-colored cover for easy detection.
    c) Be Cautious While Traveling:
  • Avoid placing luggage on the bed.
  • Use a flashlight to inspect hotel rooms for signs of bedbugs.
  • Check bedding, mattress edges, and nearby furniture.
  • Wash your travel clothes in hot water upon returning home.
  • Vacuum your luggage and dispose of the contents outside.

  • Signs of Infestation:
  • Rusty stains (from crushed bedbugs) on bedding.
  • Dark spots (bedbug excrement) about the size of a period.
  • Small, yellowish-white eggs or eggshells (approximately 1 millimeter).
  • Shed skins from young bedbugs.

  • Remember, patience and persistence are essential when dealing with bedbugs. If necessary, consider professional extermination services. Let’s stay vigilant and keep those bedbugs at bay!